Wednesday, March 4, 2015

5 Solutions For Teenage Acne


Almost all teens deal with acne in one form or another. Hormonal changes that arise during puberty can elevate the body’s level of androgens, which cause the skin glands to become larger and produce excess amounts of sebum (skin oil). This overload of oil then clogs pores, and forms acne. Acne usually affects the face, neck, back, chest, rear, arms, legs and shoulders. Although acne isn't a serious health problem, it can cause permanent facial scars and affect the self-esteem of the sufferer.

Forms of Acne: 
Whiteheads: Raised white dots that are pores full of contaminants covered by a layer of skin.
Blackheads: Dark brown bumps that are pores impacted with bacteria, dead skin cells, dirt and oil, which have reacted with oxygen resulting in a blackish color.
Papules, pustules or nodules: Painful, hard lesions that appear red and swollen due to inflammation or infection of the tissue around the clogged follicle.
Cysts: Large, deep, and inflamed pus-filled pimples.

Thankfully there are ways to help control and even reduce acne. Here are a few lifestyle tips that will give you some insight to what might be triggering your acne breakouts and will help you to take control of your unruly complexion.

1. Eat Right

Teens who want to reduce their risk of acne breakouts, should definitely watch what they put into their mouths.  Researchers have found a connection between acne and diets packed with refined carbohydrates and sweets such as bread, candy, pasta, soda and juice. These foods cause your blood sugar to spike, unleashing a rush of hormones that stimulate oil production and make pore-clogging skin cells shed faster. When you develop cystic breakouts, it might be a sign that you're getting more dairy in your diet than your body can tolerate, says celebrity esthetician Renee Rouleau. In recent years, a series of studies has suggested that dairy products, especially milk, can cause breakouts in people already prone to acne. Researchers have theorized that naturally occurring hormones in milk stimulate the production of sebum and pore-clogging skin cells. If you struggle with hormonal acne, which tends to appear on the chin or along the jaw line, you might consider cutting out dairy as an experiment.

For more tips on what foods your eating that are causing acne breakouts, read “8 of the Worst Foods for Your Skin.”

2. Exercise Regularly

Whether you have a lot of acne or even the occasional zit, exercise may actually help control the issue. When you exercises you blood flow increases, allowing cell waste to be replaced with oxygen and nutrients. Pores are also unclogged during exercise through the production of sweat, and your stress level is lowered. All of these factors can equal healthy looking skin.

Keep in mind that some people actually experience an increase in acne after they workout. This is not caused by exercise but rather it’s the result of improper bodily care and hygiene practices. For a few tips to prevent a rise in acne after a workout read “5 Tips to Preventing Post Exercise Acne Breakouts.”

3. Sleep Well

Stress and lack of sleep have been closely related to acne breakouts due to hormonal imbalances in the body.  These factors can cause adrenal glands to go into overdrive to produce greater amounts of adrogens and cortisol. Higher levels of these hormones could result in an increase in acne problems.  Help balance your body with 7 or more hours of sleep every night and practicing relaxation techniques like stretching, yoga, and self-massage.

4. Observe Your Skin

When was the last time you washed your pillowcase? Do you use the same towel for your face that you use for your body or hands? Be aware of what is touching your skin. If you have pimples around your right cheek, see if that’s the side you hold your cell phone on. This could simply be a result of you cell depositing bacteria and foreign matter into your pores.

For more hints about things that touch your face that are causing acne breakouts read, “What’s Touching Your Skin?: 13 Tips to Prevent Acne Breakouts.”

5. Treat Acne

Step 1:   Wash your face once a day, twice a day for oily skin types, with a sulfur based acne face wash and warm water.  Sulfur has antibacterial properties that will fight off acne causing bacteria, while the warm water will loosen and dissolve unnecessary facial oils. For those who suffer from redness, alternating with a clay based face wash will tighten pores, while calming inflammation. Never scrub your face, as scrubbing may worsen acne flare ups by irritating the skin and stretching pores.

Sulfur based daily face wash for acne
Clay based daily facial mask for minimizing pores
and reducing skin irritation

Step 2:   Immediately after hopping out the shower, apply a clarifying toner that will balance your skin while fighting acne. Never let your skin rest, not even for a minute, without some type of “protection” on it. Neglecting your freshly washed skin will trigger its defense system, and cause it to produce excess amounts of oil. Because toners can potentially cause irritation, they are not recommended for sensitive skin types, who should move on to the next step in this regimen. If you suffer from post acne marks, such as dark spots, use a toner containing Hydroquinone, which will even out your skin tone as it safely fades unwanted pigmentation.

Balancing solution that for acne
With Hydroquinone for uneven skin tone and post acne marks

Step 3:   Use a medication that targets the source of your acne problems.
·      Benzoyl peroxide is said to be the most effective acne medication that one can get without a prescription. Benzoyl Peroxide helps kill bacteria imbedded within the skin, unclogs pores, and helps to heal pimples. This medication comes in different forms (wash, lotion, gel) and in strengths ranging from 2.25%-10%. It’s advised to start slowly when beginning your treatment with this medication, only using once a day or every other day.  After about two weeks, one can increase the dosage to 2 times a day if they have oily skin or are not seeing dramatic enough results.  Make sure to apply the medication to the entire face, as opposed to spot treatments, allowing it to continue to protect the skin from future breakouts.

With Benzoyl Peroxide to eliminate acne

·      Salicylic acid can also be acquired without a prescription and comes in many different forms and strengths. This medication dissolves hard contaminants harboring in the pores, and helps shed the top layer of skin to prevent future dead skin cell build up. "It usually takes 4 to 8 weeks to notice a substantial improvement," says Julie Danna, MD, a pediatric dermatologist at Ochsner Health Center in Metairie, La.

Next Step
If your acne is still not improving after using over-the-counter products for a couple of months, you should consider seeing a dermatologist who will most likely prescribe a stronger treatment to target your skincare needs.

·       Retinoids can also be attained without a prescription, but higher dosages may be prescribed by doctors. This derivative of vitamin A is most known for it’s anti-aging benefits, but not widely known to the general public, Retinol also helps with acne by unclogging pores and turning over old skin cells to new ones. Retinol should always be paired with a product containing Vitamin C, as it will preserve the medication while it works to renew your skin.
REDEFINE Night Renewing Serum
With Retinol to unclog and minimize pores

·       Antibiotics which fight off acne-causing bacteria come as a cream, lotion, gel or pill. Your doctor may prescribe pills or medicine you put on your skin if they believe that an antibiotic is the way to go.

·       Hormone blockers for Women (oral contraceptives, cyproterone acetate, spironolactone) can be very effective in controlling acne symptoms.  This treatment is refereed to as Anti-androgen therapy, because the medication blocks the reception and production of androgens, which causes the body to produce skin oils. This treat is not for men as it counteracts the effects of testosterone.

·       Isotretinoin (Accutane, Amnesteem, Sotret, and Claravis) is a very strong medication that comes in a pill form and is only used for severe types of acne that hasn’t responded to all prior treatments. Because of the severity of this medicine it should always be taken under regular doctor supervision. Although this drug is said to be the closest cure to acne, because it actually shrinks the oil glands, causing your skin to produce less oil, it has also been know to cause birth defects/fatalities, depression, and add to premature signs of aging. Doctors usually require patients who take this medication to do a few blood tests, and sign a consent form before taking this drug

Step 4:   Moisturize on a daily basis.

·      Daytime: A moisturizing broadband sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher, should be applied before you leave the house and then through out the day. The top reason to use sunscreen is because it will protect your skin against the signs of aging. We recognize that you are a teen and although aging is the last thing on your list of target skin issues, believe us when we say that your future self will definitely thank you. Be sure to use a "noncomedogenic" or "nonacnegenic" sunscreen, as it will not clog pores. For oily skin types, opt for a sunscreen that is specially designed to help control oil production throughout the day.

·      Nighttime: Applying a moisturizer, before you hit the pillow, is vital for keeping your skin healthy. Replenish your skin with essential nutrients like Vitamins A, C, and E, with a repairing moisturizer. Keep in mind that, the main reason your skin might be producing excessive amounts of oil is because it is trying to protect it’s self.  Never dry out your skin, it needs nutrient rich moisture and when you keep it moisturized, the skins defense system is less likely to react. 
Containing Vitamin A, C, and E to repair skin while you sleep.

Extra Step:   Macro Exfoliation should be done once a week and placed before Step 1. Be sure to give your face a quick wash to remove bacteria, dirt and oils before you exfoliate, as to not contaminate your freshly exposed pores. Young men, who shave, should consider that as exfoliating half of their face and always do it after a quick wash, then follow it with Step 1. Macro Exfoliation is not recommended for those with sensitive skin.

For tips on reducing razor bumps when shaving read “10 Steps to Preventing Razor Bumps.”

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1 comment:

  1. This is a really informative knowledge, Thanks for posting this informative Information. Teenage Acne